Cholesterol is of two types. One is good cholesterol that is HDL and the other is bad cholesterol that is LDL, VLDL and TRIGLYCERIDES. Cholesterol at normal levels is an essential substance in the body. But at high levels it poses the risk of heart attack. A person with high cholesterol levels often has no signs or symptoms, but routine screening and regular blood tests can help detect high levels. A person who does not undergo testing may have a heart attack without warning, because they did not know that they had high cholesterol levels. Regular tests can help to reduce this risk. People who wish to reduce their cholesterol levels or maintain a suitable level can make four major lifestyle decisions.
- Eat a heart-healthy diet
- Regularly exercise
- Avoid smoking
- Achieve and maintain a healthy weight